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  Army's Conquer by Cannabis Plan
Posted by CN Staff on April 08, 2007 at 07:03:22 PT
By Fred Gardner 
Source: San Francisco Chronicle 

justice Calif. -- The U.S. Army, in a search for "nonlethal incapacitating agents," tested cannabis-based drugs on GI volunteers throughout the 1960s according to Dr. James Ketchum, the psychiatrist who led the classified research program at Edgewood Arsenal in Maryland.

Ketchum retired as a colonel in 1976 and lives in Santa Rosa. He has written a memoir, "Chemical Warfare: Secrets Almost Forgotten," in which he describes experiments conducted at Edgewood and defends the Army's ethical standards. In a talk to the Society of Cannabis Clinicians in Los Angeles last month, Ketchum recounted to 20 doctors the Army's experiments with cannabinoid drugs.

(The society was founded in 2000 by Dr. Tod Mikuriya, a Berkeley psychiatrist with a long-standing interest in cannabis therapeutics, to provide a forum in which doctors monitoring cannabis use by California patients could share information.)

Ketchum was a young captain finishing a residency at Walter Reed Army Hospital when he was assigned in 1961 to be the supervising psychiatrist at Edgewood Arsenal. The new president, John F. Kennedy, was enthusiastic about funding the search for nonlethal incapacitants (first authorized by President Dwight Eisenhower in 1958).

The synthetic analog of THC tested by the Army in pursuit of this ideal, EA 2233, was developed by a chemist named Harry Pars employed by the Arthur D. Little company of Cambridge, Mass. It was a mixture of eight isomers of the THC molecule (different arrangements of the same atoms). EA 2233 was ingested at strengths ranging from 10 to 60 micrograms per kilogram of body weight. Although its effects lasted up to 30 hours, they were not potent enough for military purposes.

Ketchum excerpts an interview in his book between a scientist and a GI on EA 2233:


Complete Article:

Source: San Francisco Chronicle (CA)
Author: Fred Gardner
Published: Sunday, April 8, 2007
Copyright: 2007 Hearst Communications Inc.

Related Article & Web Site:

Tod H. Mikuriya, M.D.

Book Details Army Drug Experiments

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Comment #5 posted by Hope on April 08, 2007 at 21:02:32 PT
30 hours?
"Although its effects lasted up to 30 hours, they were not potent enough for military purposes."

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Comment #4 posted by Toker00 on April 08, 2007 at 19:02:27 PT
Grind the bud, roll the bud, or bowl the bud, light the bud, and just take ONE toke?!? Where's the Fun in that? Ha! I know what you mean, though. : )


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Comment #3 posted by whig on April 08, 2007 at 16:10:39 PT
I'm curious, why not just take a smaller dose of the higher potency bud for the same benefit with less smoke?

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Comment #2 posted by Dankhank on April 08, 2007 at 10:42:53 PT
Mexican ...
Friend O mine says 85/ounce 'round here ...

20% higher than usual ...

how high you gotta get?

tell it, Ed ...

[ Post Comment ]

Comment #1 posted by Dr Ganj on April 08, 2007 at 10:21:05 PT
Cause And Effect In The War On Drugs

SORDID TALES Overstoned: All I want is some cheap Mexican weed by Edwin Decker

Man, oh man, am I aggravated to all-Hell. It's been almost a month now and I haven't been able to replenish my pot supply. I know the reason, too. It's the goddamned Border Patrol. They've been doing a kick-ass job lately over there at the San Ysidro crossing. Every time you turn around, there's another story about another huge bust. A couple of weeks ago, I read a U-T story reporting that agents at the San Ysidro and El Centro borders collectively nabbed 10,000 pounds of pot in one week, and because of busts like this, I can't get my goddamned hands on any goddamned Mexican weed.

Oh sure, there's still plenty of kind bud floating around. Kind bud (also known as ganja, indoor, chronic, dank and stank) is a higher-quality weed. It is potent and pungent and can be grown by anyone with $500 and an oversized closet. Since kind bud doesn't have to make that perilous trek across the border, there's plenty of it. The problem is, I smoke Mexican weed.

Now, admitting that one smokes Mexican (also known as mecky, mexy, shake or schwag) when one lives in Ocean Beach is tantamount to social suicide. OB is primarily populated with pot snobs. I can't tell you how many times I've pulled out my trusty film canister of schwag during one of our back-alley powwows behind the bar, only to watch my potsnobbian friends recoil in disgust as if the canister was filled with infected monkey entrails.

“How can you smoke that shit!?" they howl in disbelief.

And I always have to tell them, “Not that it's anything to you, but I smoke mecky because it suits my needs better." For one thing, Mexican is cheaper. It's easily half the price. More importantly, it is a weaker strain of marijuana than its indoor cousins. Mecky has half as much THC, and, for me, that's a good thing. I need my weed to be weaker. I'm a marijuana lightweight. When I smoke kind bud I get overstoned. Then I can't do anything right: I can't talk, I can't read, I can't sleep, I can't drive, I can't screw—I can't even write when I get that fumigated. It took me more than an hour to write what you've just read because I'm overstoned on chronic at the moment, which really sucks because I'm behind schedule.

Check this out: Since THC is the active ingredient in pot, and there's more THC in kind bud than there is in mecky, and the war on drugs is forcing me to smoke kind bud—then the war on drugs is making me get more stoned than I want to.

Isn't that a gas? It'd be like blocking the distribution of light cigarettes, thus making people smoke Marlboro Reds.

I know, I know, some of you are saying that marijuana is illegal and I shouldn't be smoking it at all. Well, call me an anarchist. Call me a lefty loon. Call me a non-supporter-of-the-troops-type person. But I do not recognize the right of any person, group or government to determine what I do with my body so long as what I do with it doesn't harm anyone else.

Some people argue that consuming narcotics does harm somebody else. They say people are dying over the stuff: border agents and police and politicians on both sides of the border are losing their lives fighting the war on drugs and are therefore victims of my drug consumption. They say it's the high demand that creates America's drug problem, and I couldn't disagree more. There's a high demand for milk, but we don't have milk wars at the border. Nobody's smuggling cows in the wheel wells of U-Hauls, no shootouts at the border with heavily armed milkmen. No, the problem isn't demand; the problem is the prohibition of something that is in demand, and it is that prohibition, actually, that is illegal and immoral because it impedes my constitutional right to life, liberty and the pursuit of, you know, fun cool shit. Don't misunderstand. I feel terrible for anyone who dies in the crossfire of this ridiculous war on drugs, but I absolutely do not feel responsible.

You know what I wonder sometimes? I wonder if there are any Border Patrol officers who realize the war on drugs is bullshit. I sure hope so. Sometimes I like to imagine there is this lone agent who believes prohibition is a colossal mistake. In my mind, he's one of these activist types, prone to mouth off his opinions in the locker room, or in the patrol car, or in morning meetings. He gets into heated arguments with his pro-prohibition colleagues about how, if we legalize drugs in this country, we could use the tax money to make a better society: Some if it could be allocated to rebuild libraries and repair city infrastructure, some of it could go toward drug-awareness campaigns and the rest could go to rehabilitation and treatment. Then this free-thinking warrior border agent hero of my mind would tell his gung-ho drug-hating buddies how decriminalizing drugs would ultimately untie their hands. How all those wasted hours searching for drugs could have been better spent searching for something, you know, something that truly threatens society, something like—hmm, well let me think about it for a second—oh yeah, I know, how about they use the extra time searching for guys with bombs who want to blow up people and buildings with them?

“How about that positive side effect to legalizing drugs?" he would snort.

Oh well, such dreams only lead to disappointment. But thanks for trying, Free Thinking Warrior Border Agent Hero. I know we're a long way from drug legalization, but, in the meantime, I was thinking, maybe you could lay off the weed busts for a bit? All you have to do is let a little get though so I won't have to ingest more THC than is necessary and go broke doing it. So I don't walk around overstoned all the time. So I can make a deadline. Come on, man, can you give a brutha a break?

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