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  FBI Has Fleet of Aircraft To Track Suspects
Posted by CN Staff on March 14, 2003 at 16:07:42 PT
By Curt Anderson, Canadian Press  
Source: Canadian Press  

FBI Washington - The FBI has a fleet of aircraft, some equipped with night surveillance and eavesdropping equipment, flying America's skies to track and collect intelligence from suspected terrorists.

The FBI will not provide exact figures on the planes and helicopters, but more than 80 are in the skies. There are several planes, known as Nightstalkers, equipped with infrared devices that allow agents to track people and vehicles in the dark.

Other aircraft are outfitted with electronic surveillance equipment so agents can pursue listening devices placed in cars, in buildings and even along streets, or listen to cellphone calls. Still others fly photography missions, although officials would not describe precise capabilities.

The FBI, which has made counterterror its top priority since Sept. 11, 2001, has sharply increased its use of aircraft.

"You want to watch activity, and you want to do it discreetly. You don't want to be sitting around in cars," said Weldon Kennedy, a former FBI deputy director who retired in 1997 after 33 years with the bureau. "Aviation is one way to do that. You don't need to get close to that person at all."

Some critics say the surveillance technology further blurs the boundaries on domestic spying. They point to a 2001 case in which the Supreme Court found police had engaged in an unreasonable search by using thermal imaging equipment to detect heat lamps used to grow marijuana plants indoors.

"The cop on the beat now has Superman's X-ray eyes," said Barry Steinhardt, director of the technology and liberty program at the American Civil Liberties Union. "We need to fundamentally rethink what is a reasonable expectation of privacy."

All 56 FBI field offices have access to aircraft, piloted by FBI agents who have other investigative duties as well. Most aircraft are propeller-driven civilian models, favoured for their relatively slow speed and unobtrusive appearance.

Legally, no warrants are necessary for the FBI to track cars or people from the air. Law enforcement officials need warrants to search homes or to plant listening devices or monitor cellphone calls - and that includes when the listener is flying in an airplane.

A senior FBI official, speaking on condition of anonymity, said the FBI does not do flyovers to listen to telephone calls and gather electronic data from random citizens in hopes the data will provide leads. Rather, the planes are used to follow specific individuals, some of whom may already have been bugged or for whom the FBI has a warrant to listen to cellphone calls.

Still, the idea of an FBI air force gives some people pause.

The FBI will not disclose where the planes are being used. This month, however, in the college town of Bloomington, Ind., residents spotted a Cessna aircraft flying overhead at roughly the same times every day for more than a week. After first issuing denials, local FBI agents admitted it was their plane, involved in a terrorism investigation.

FBI officials also were quick to say it was not doing electronic eavesdropping.

"There should be no concern that the aircraft is doing anything other than assisting with physical surveillance," said FBI agent James Davis.

The FBI has been using airplanes since 1938, when an agent in a Stinson monoplane helped stop an extortion attempt that involved a payoff package thrown from a moving passenger train. The first major deployment happened in 1975 during the investigation of the killings of two FBI agents at the sprawling Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in South Dakota.

The program has been particularly useful in investigations of organized crime and drug trafficking. Mobsters who suspected their homes and telephones were bugged frequently held meetings in moving cars, not realizing that bugs also were placed there and were being monitored from the air.

Aircraft are now seen as ideal in the FBI's domestic war on terror. FBI Director Robert Mueller said last year there was a 60 per cent increase in field office requests for airplanes in the year after the Sept. 11 attacks, with almost 90 per cent of air missions now dedicated to surveillance.

"You don't have a criminal case. You don't necessarily have a terrorism case. You want to know what they are doing, who their associates are, who they are meeting with," retired agent Kennedy said. "Surveillance is going to have a pretty big role in that."

This year, Congress approved a $20-million US increase in the FBI's aviation budget but denied a request for two new Black Hawk helicopters. It also ordered the bureau to develop a master plan for its aviation program.

The FBI also can request aviation help from the Defence Department. That can involve a great deal of bureaucracy and care, however, to ensure the military does not violate laws that prohibit them from doing law enforcement work within the United States.

Complete Title: FBI Has Fleet of Aircraft Helping To Track Suspects in War on Terror

On the Net: FBI: http://www.fbi.gov

Source: Canadian Press
Author: Curt Anderson, Canadian Press
Published: Friday, March 14, 2003
Copyright: 2003 The Canadian Press

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Comment #3 posted by FoM on March 15, 2003 at 08:36:06 PT
Bounce to the Ounce
I saved the picture when I found it last year and it says GlobXplorer. It also says Vantage Point Network at the bottom. Try going to Aerial Photo on Map Quest and give it a try if you want too.

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Comment #2 posted by Bounce to the Ounce on March 14, 2003 at 22:21:45 PT
Not ignoring your point, FOM...
but that sounds pretty damn interesting. What part of Map Quest has this feature?

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Comment #1 posted by FoM on March 14, 2003 at 18:16:32 PT
No Place That's Private
I guess there is no place that can be considered private it seems. I saw a satellite picture of my farm using Map Quest. We have aluminum cans that we put in one spot so it's easier to gather them up to recycle and we even saw that on the image.

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